Just over a year and a half ago, Betsy Lavolette and Susan Pennestri presented a session at CALICO 2012 called Where’s the Peadagogy in Web 2.0? In this presentation (available here), Betsy and Susan defined Web 2.0, couched these technologies in a discussion of Bloom’s taxonomy, and proposed curating an evolving list of useful Web 2.0 tools. Naturally, they did this by crowdsourcing the list via a Web 2.0 tool, the online bookmarking site Diigo.com.
The most amazing part of all of this is that the list is still going strong and now includes over 400 items. To access the list, go to https://groups.diigo.com/group/calicotools. Each item has a brief description has brief notes and several tags such as reading, writing, listening and speaking, each of which can also be used to search for tools within the list. Just click on the tag to view other resources on the list with the same tag.
To participate and contribute to this list, click on the “Join this Group” button and create a free Diigo account if you don’t already have one. Diigo is a lot like Delicious.com, but has a few more features including the ability to highlight and annotate any web document before sharing it. Diigo is a tool worth using on it’s own, but signing up for this group makes the experience even more useful.
Good pronunciation resources are hard to find. I’ve previously written about Rachel’s English, an excellent resource for the mechanics of pronunciation including sounds, mouth positions, and sound charts. But sometimes students just want to know how to pronounce a certain word. Enter Forvo.com.
Of course, students could reference any good dictionary (paper or online) for an explanation of how to pronounce a word, but online dictionaries often require a subscription to hear pronunciations. Forvo makes its audio available for free. Users can also create an account and upload their own pronunciations of words, which is how it has grown to almost 80,000 English pronunciations. (Many other languages are also available.)
Like many other web 2.0 websites, a community has grown around the process of expanding the website. Other examples of this phenomenon include Wikipedia, on which groups of users debate and define editorial policies and solicit help from each other; and Flickr, which allows users to tag photos so that all pictures uploaded to the site are easily searchable.
Forvo incorporates both of these features. Users can posts words they would like to hear pronounced. Pronunciations can also be voted on so that if there are multiple pronunciations available, the best pronunciation appears at the top of the list. Pronunciations can also be tagged so that users can find interesting groups of words such as nouns, past tense verbs, mathematical terms, male names, and many others.
Words have been pronounced in British, American, and other English accents. For each word, you can view the biography of the user who pronounced it to find out where they are from. If you find a user you particularly enjoy, you can follow their RSS feed to find out when they have added pronunciations.
Because of all of these features, the website can be a bit overwhelming at first. But once you get used to the layout, the site is a very useful resource. Students can use it to listen to assigned vocabulary words or to explore pronunciations of new words.
Teachers can create an account and upload their own pronunciations for students, which would make them very easy for students to find if they search for their teacher or for a tag their teachers use, such as the name of a textbook, course, or school. Once they become accustomed to the site, students might also be interested in uploading pronunciations in their native languages, thereby expanding this resource for language learners around the world.
After putting student-created videos on Google Maps I’ve been thinking about how a similar process could be used to provide an orientation to the institution and community for new international students. Some of the teachers at Ohio University are already well on their way to creating such a map.
Videos of some of the popular destinations have been recorded, posted to YouTube, and embedded into the popup balloons on the map. [Note: Not all of these features will work on the video I have embedded above. Click on “view larger map” to see the fully-featured version.] Others include other useful information such as websites and phone numbers. This was all teacher-created, but the opportunity exists to allow student contributions.
This is something we really need to pull together. Know of a similar example? Leave a comment.
This is a 10-minute demo of a web-based game I’ve been thinking about. At its heart, it is a concordancer, but the game is also a repeatable, user-directed tool that could be used to study many interesting linguistic structures. It could be used in any language and in other, non-linguistic disciplines. I’ve also incorporated crowdsourcing and social networking to make it more useful and more fun. And it’s so simple, it just might work.
Don’t believe me? Too good to be true? Perhaps. Watch the demo and decide for yourself. Then, share your reaction in the comments.
I’ve been thinking about games a lot this week. I had viewed games in ESL as a way to engage students and possibly elicit some complex language tasks such as negotiation that might be challenging to practice in a more abstract context. I had even contemplated developing a simple video game design class for the same reasons.
Since participating on a panel discussing the role of video games in higher education this week, I’m seeing games in terms of a more authentic purpose. Specifically, learning games should an activity fun so that the player gains experience doing a given task in a low-risk environment. If the game is fun, the player will be inclined to repeat it, thereby gaining more experience. So, for example, a game that rewards your avatar for making good dietary choices could be a good way for diabetic children to learn about foods that can help them manage their diabetes.
But what is the equivalent in ESL or language learning terms? Should a game be very simple (a fun replacement for a drill-and-kill activity) or complex (navigating a virtual world in the target language)? Can games be made in a way that students can gain something more from doing the activities more than once? Can some part of a game be crowdsourced to the students so that the teacher is not the sole guiding force behind their design? Can games incorporate some web 2.0 or social media elements?
I’m curious to know if any ESL or EFL teachers regularly use games in their classrooms. If so, what games are most useful and what are the essential elements that make them so successful. If you use games, digital or otherwise, please share it by leaving a comment.
Last week, I listed the top 5 technologies that you should be using if you are an ESL teacher in 2010. Today, I present the list of the next 5 technologies I need to explore and possibly add to my bag of tricks. If you have experience with them, leave your opinions, suggestions, and tips in the comments. Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the (near) future:
1. Google Wave – Occasionally billed as the Future Of Email, Wave combines email, IM, and the collaborative parts of Google Docs. Watch the full Google demo video or the lower resolution abridged version to get the idea. This is one of those really cool technologies that leaves you asking, “So what do I do with it?” I hope to have answers to that question soon.
2. Zorap– Like Wave, Zorap combines several disparate elements into one collaborative space. From what I’ve seen, a space can be set up for many users quickly and easily. That space can then be used for audio, video, and text conversations and files and documents can be shared to the group. See the demo for more. For a free application, it integrates a surprising number of interesting options for remote learning.
3. Ning– A social network akin to Facebook, but it’s not Facebook. There are many existing nings for topic areas such as The English Companion Ning (“Where English teachers go to help each other”) and Classroom 2.0 (“the social network for those interested in Web 2.0 and Social Media in education”). Plus, you can create a Ning for a topic that you like or a specific group of people, like the students in your class. Because it’s a closed system, Ning may be more useful to anyone who can’t (or doesn’t want to) use Facebook or other social networks with their students.
4. Screenr– A free, web-based screen recorder. Just drag a frame over the part of your screen you want to capture and Screenr will record a video of what happens inside that frame until you tell it to stop. Great for creating demonstration videos or capturing a presentation.
5. Prezi– When I first saw Prezi, I thought it was just another slide sharing application. Since then, I’ve seen some slick, remotely controlled presentations that use Prezi to great effect. One of the best features is the ability to smoothly zoom in and out on portions of the presentation. One large document can contain everything from headings to footnotes with each part zooming and snapping into place on the screen as it is selected. This works equally well if the presenter is guiding the presentation or if an individual wants to explore it on his own. For example, take a look at this Grammar Review Prezi. You can use the arrows to go forward and back within the presentation, but you can also take control by zooming in and out, dragging the page around, and clicking on the text to zoom to a specific point. Once you get used to this style of navigation (or, rather, every style of navigation simultaneously) many interesting ways to structure and organize information become possible.
Bonus: Sikuli– I’ve used applications with macros before, but Sikuli’s approach is unique because it can create a macro for any application using your computers GUI. Think that sounds geeky? Then the demonstration video might also be a little intimidating. The gist of it is, you can automate almost any multi-step task on your computer, just by writing a simple script for Sikuli to follow. While I can’t think of any tasks that are repetitive enough that I’d actually save time by learning how to use Sikuli (and, frankly, I’d rather play Bejeweled myself, thank you very much), the potential of this application is intriguing.
I’ve had a presentation called Professional Development 2.0 accepted to Ohio TESOL 2009.
The goal of my presentation is going to be highlight Web 2.0 technologies that can expose teachers to new resources and other people in the field. I’ve posted before about the networked student, so why not the networked professional?
I’m going to focus on Twitter, because following the right people can set you up with a constant stream of great ideas and resources, blogs, which do the same but in long form, and RSS feed readers and other applications that can help organize all of these streams. I’d also like to include Facebook, Linked In, Nings, and other social media, but I don’t have as much experience using them in the same way.
The purpose of this post, however, is to solicit other suggestions from you, the reader. Is there someone you find especially useful to follow on Twitter? Do you read any blogs that always inspire you? Do you have a Facebook group that other ESL professionals should join? Leave a comment below and share it with the world.
With the Spring Quarter right around the corner (i.e. tomorrow), I’m thinking about the courses I’ll be teaching in really big picture ways. I’m reflecting on two videos I’ve seen recently, which I’ve embedded below.
The first is a nicely edited visual summary of how the web, and Web 2.0 applications, are changing how we use language.
The second is similar, but has a much more Edupunk aesthetic and “call to action” vibe.
As I plan my courses for the spring (a high-elementary listening / speaking class and a high-intermediate grammar class) I’m asking myself how I can effectively use technology to enhance my students’ learning.
In the L/S class, my list includes a podcast to help students correct errors and a Moodle course to organize links, resources, and discussions. I’m not sure if they will be ready for much more than that. I’ll also need to work out a way to administer two simultaneous audio quizzes in a lab because this class is really an elementary / high-elementary split, but that shouldn’t be a major technological hurdle. I’ve also got a Smartboard this quarter, so I need to think of how to tie that in.
In grammar, I’ll again have a Moodle course which I’ll use for discussion and posting lecture notes on the grammar points we cover. I’ve been kicking around the idea of inverting what is done in class versus for homework. Can’t students watch a Slideshare presentation on the grammatical structure at home, then come in and do activities and ask questions in class? Would they actually watch? Would this be an improvement over studying out of a book? How can we make this process less unidirectional? Makes me wish I had captured my lectures last quarter.
I’m looking forward to teaching something new and taking on some interesting challenges. Stay tuned.